A hotel building should have properly installed, professionally maintained, and regularly inspected fire protection systems.

Hotel fires represent a major risk to the safety of guests, employees and property assets. The hotel is just like a second home to many people. It should offer security and protection to the customer and their property. However, some accidents like fire are unavoidable sometimes and they often occur unexpectedly.

Vulnerabilities in Hospitality

According to Hemant Khadse, CEO, East Corp Group, “Hospitality occupancy (also known as sleeping area occupancy) contains mixed hazards and correct analysis is very important to identify the risk and vulnerability in terms of Fire and Life safety. Egress is a top critical challenge and risk associated with this occupancy. If not planned adequate exits, corridors, travel distances, dead end etc. it would create delay in safe evaluation in case of fire emergency. Basements are also common in such facilities and being used for car park, storages, plant and utility areas and back offices. Adequate ventilation, fire and smoke compartmentation, escape lighting and signage are critical for basement areas. Smoke management and fire doors as part of passive fire measures are to be given equal importance to reduce the fire damage.

Currently modern buildings are ‘mixed use’ types and thus pose challenges when not treated them separately. One unsafe area would damage other adjoining areas and secondary fire could be the cause of more casualties. 

Common Causes of Fire Accidents

Although we read in most of the accidents are due to electrical short circuits and faulty appliances, there are several other strong reasons and causes of fire accidents in service industry. Non-segregated storages spaces, unsafe hot work at site, smoking, unsafe cooking appliances, continuous running of exhaust fans etc. are also commonly observed causes of fire accidents. At times It is also a fact that, fire incidence may not necessary be the direct cause of human injury or loss, it could also be panic, bad smoke management, lift usage in case of fire, fall an many such instances could be the source of death.

Life Safety Measures

 

Aftermath can only be dealt effectively with an “Emergency plan” in place. If every occupant is aware of how to deal with an emergency situation and well equipped with first aid tools, procedures and so on then damage can certainly be minimised. Periodic training and well maintained systems can save lives. One of the myths that most people believe is, that if they have good active fire systems, then they are safe. Passive fire systems and equipment’s can help equally in prevention of fire occurrence or spreading. Life safety measures such as good egress plan, efficient escape lighting, visible exit signage’s play a vital role and must be given utmost important for every hospitality building.

You can minimise the risk but can’t eliminate the risk from the workplace completely.”

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